Hayal & Hakikat: A Handbook of Forgiveness & A Handbook of Punishment

Cemre Yeşil Gönenli


Ziczac hardcover bound
3 book blocks (160 pages + 64 pages + 16 pages)
112 duotone images
157 × 216 mm
ISBN 978-1-910401-50-7

The photographs in this book depict the hands of prisoners from the early 20th century, drawn from the photograph albums of Abdul Hamid II, the 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Abdul Hamid II had been moved by pseudo-scientific information he read in a crime novel that “any criminal with a thumb joint longer than the index finger joint, is inclined to murder.” To this end, the photographs in this book show the subjects’ hands for the purpose of classification. The fate of the individual prisoners remains unknown as there is no record of the verdict of Abdul Hamid II after viewing the hands awaiting forgiveness.